Countries across Africa have recorded more than 850,000 infections and at least 18,000 deaths, according to an AFP tally as of Tuesday.

The toll took a while to move into higher gear thanks to early restrictions on contact and movement, Dr Mary Stephens, an expert at the World Health Organization (WHO) Africa office, told AFP.

"We haven't seen the peak yet," she warned. "All countries in Africa are at risk because our health systems are relatively weak."

Here is an overview of key countries:

South Africa

Africa heads to coronavirus landmark, but worse is yet to come

An aerial picture of funerals being conducted last week at at the Olifantsvlei Cemetery in the Johannesburg suburb of Soweto. AFP/MARCO LONGARI

The continent's most industrialised economy has notched up more than 450,000 infections — the highest number in Africa and the fifth biggest in the world.

It has recorded more than 7,000 deaths, although there is concern that fatalities are being under-reported.

Last week, the respected Medical Research Council noted a nearly 60-percent jump in "natural" deaths for this time of the year compared with the historical trend.

"The peak will come in July, August and September," Health Minister Zweli Mkhize predicted on Sunday.

South Africa imposed one of the world's toughest lockdowns in March.

Measures included the closure of schools, factories, non-essential shops and a ban on sale of alcohol and cigarettes.

The restrictions were lifted in June, but some were reinstituted this month. Schools shut again and the alcohol ban returned.

The country also has more than 13,000 infected health workers, a record.


Africa heads to coronavirus landmark, but worse is yet to come

Coronavirus testing at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital in northern Nigeria. AFP/Audu MARTE

Africa's most populous nation has registered 41,000 cases, the second highest tally south of the Sahara, with numbers rising by between 500-700 each day.

But prevalence could be far higher, given the lack of testing.

About 3,000 tests are carried per day on average in a country of around 200 million people — just a tenth of the number conducted in South Africa which has about a quarter of the population.

"For every one case, there are a handful of cases that we are missing because we are not able to test everybody," Sani Aliyu, the head of Nigeria's virus taskforce, admitted.

The epicentre is Lagos, the densely-populated commercial hub, which is also Africa's largest city with a population of 20 million.

Health officials in the crowded city are worried by the availability of space to isolate those found positive.

"Through our modelling, we know we are going to exceed our isolation capacity sooner than later," Lagos State health commissioner Akin Abayomi told AFP.

Despite the swelling numbers, Nigeria is having a hard time convincing sceptics that the threat is for real.

"We should not wait for such a time when we start picking bodies on the streets before we do what is necessary," Nigerian Medical Association's Innocent Ujah told AFP.


Africa heads to coronavirus landmark, but worse is yet to come

Kenya has allowed places of worship to reopen under strict guidelines to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus. AFP/Yasuyoshi CHIBA

Kenya has seen cases triple to 17,975 in the past month. However, as a percentage of its population of 47 million, the numbers remain low.

Earlier this month government lifted restrictions that had cordoned off Nairobi and other hard-hit cities, while announcing that international flights will resume on August 1.

But on Monday President Uhuru Kenyatta banned the sale of alcohol in restaurants after noting an "aggressive surge" among young people who were socialising "particularly in environments serving alcohol".

The country has declared the 2020 school year lost.


Africa heads to coronavirus landmark, but worse is yet to come

Protection: A teacher wears a face shield at the Nkol-Bisson Technical High School in Yaounde. AFP/-

Cameroon is central Africa's most affected country with 16,708 cases. Only about 145,000 tests have been carried out among the 25 million population.

Cameroon is past its first peak, which "occurred between the end of June and early July," according to Professor Yap Boum of Epicenter Africa, the epidemiology branch of Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF, Doctors Without Borders).

But "this does not mean that the pandemic is over," he warned.

Cameroon did not impose strict lockdown measures as other countries have done. Although the wearing of masks is compulsory in public places, very few people bother to do so.


Africa heads to coronavirus landmark, but worse is yet to come

Social distancing: Muslim worshippers in Djibouti, offering prayers at Eid al-Fitr in May to mark the end of Ramadan. AFP/-

Tiny Djibouti, with a population of around one million, has the second highest case rate in East Africa, with more than 5,000 infections.

Government attributes this to aggressive contact tracing and the highest testing rate in Africa with more than five percent of the population having been tested.

"I think we have passed the peak," Dr Bouh Abdi Khareih, co-ordinator of Djibouti's COVID response, told AFP.


Africa heads to coronavirus landmark, but worse is yet to come

Madagascan President Andry Rajoelina launches 'Covid Organics,' a touted remedy for coronavirus, on April 20. Experts warn that claims for the drink have not been supported by science.. AFP/RIJASOLO

President Andry Rajoelina has been vigorously touting an infusion derived from artemisia — a plant with proven anti-malarial properties — as a homegrown cure for COVID-19.

But Madagascar has seen a surge in infections in recent weeks to more than 9,600 cases and nearly 100 deaths, and hospitals in the capital Antananarivo have said they are running out of beds.

Last week, Health Minister Ahmad Ahmad made an "urgent appeal" to development agencies — his ministry is seeking oxygen bottles, face masks, gloves and medical blouses.

Ahmad was reprimanded by the government for taking what it called a "personal initiative" without consultation.


Africa heads to coronavirus landmark, but worse is yet to come

Masks and distancing not required: A market in Dar es Salaam in mid-April. AFP/Ericky BONIPHACE

Tanzania has downplayed any threat from COVID-19 and stopped releasing official figures.

The last tally — issued in April — stood at 509. By comparison, neighbours such as

"That's why we are all not wearing face masks here. You think we don't fear dying? It's because there is no COVID-19," President John Magufuli declared on Monday.

Least-affected countries

Figures from a number of African countries suggest they have so far escaped the full wrath of the coronavirus.

Least-affected countries include the island nations of the Seychelles (114 cases) and Mauritius, with 344.

Eritrea has 263 cases and Lesotho 505.